Dead Sea Salt Therapy for Younger, Healthier Skin

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Dead Sea is known worldwide for its therapeutic and cosmetic properties.1 Dead Sea salt and mud have proved to be useful in the treatment of skin disorders and skin diseases.2 As compared to 3% salts in normal sea water, the waters from the Dead Sea contain 27% of various salts. Its mineral composition is also different from ocean water. It contains approximately 45,000 million tons of salts rich in minerals.

Benefits of Dead Sea Minerals in Skin Treatment

Treatment for many skin conditions is not only expensive, but dangerous too, as many creams and lotions contain steroids. Because of their side effects, they are not ideal for continued, long-term use. Dead Sea minerals provide the skin with extensive benefits without any side effects.

Dead Sea contains 26 essential minerals, 12 of them cannot be found in any other sea or ocean in the world. Being similar to the minerals found in the skin cells, they are very beneficial to the human body.

Dead Sea salts are used to make a lot of beauty and health products to keep the skin healthy, nourished, and young. We have listed some Dead Sea minerals along with their benefits in Table 1. 

Table 1                    Dead Sea Minerals and their Benefits

Magnesium

It helps in quick healing of skin tissue, and provides anti-allergic elements to the skin surface. Magnesium chloride and magnesium bromide have been found to assist in the improvement of psoriasis.3

Calcium

It is an essential mineral required for the strengthening of bones and teeth. It also helps in the regulation of enzyme activity and formation of cell membranes.

Potassium

It helps balance moisture in the skin and body, and is crucial for cardiovascular and nerve functions.

Sulfur

A natural disinfectant and a powerful detoxifying agent, sulfur boosts resistance to diseases, helps regulate blood sugar, and prevents aches and pains.

Bromide

It relaxes body muscles, calms nerves, and soothes skin.

Iodine

Being the main component of the thyroid hormone thyroxine, iodine helps control metabolic rate. It is essential for the normal development of the foetal nervous system, protects against radioactivity, and is vital for a healthy connective tissue.

Zinc

 It is known to protect the skin against sunburn. It also boosts the immune system, and is vital for growth and cell division.

 

How do Dead Sea Minerals Nourish Skin

Dead Sea minerals moisturize, detoxify, and soften the skin. They increase circulation, reduce fluid retention, and give relief from itching and skin scaling. By absorbing toxins from the skin, Dead Sea salts act as natural detoxifiers. They can be used as a rub to exfoliate and soften tough skin.

It has been shown that bathing in high magnesium Dead Sea salts helps improve skin barrier function, enhances stratum corneum hydration, and reduces skin roughness and inflammation.6 Dead Sea products also help in reducing skin and mucosal toxicity in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiochemotherapy.7 The black mud from Dead Sea is extensively used in the preparation of soaps, creams, and balms for skin care.2

Combination therapy Using Dead Sea Salts

Although they have incredible properties on their own, Dead Sea minerals can treat and heal many common conditions when combined.

Dead Sea salts in combination with ultraviolet light (Tomesa therapy) have been shown to be effective in the treatment of psoriasis.4 Synchronous balneophototherapy with ultraviolet light and Dead Sea salts produces a synergic effect in clearing psoriasis.5 They have been recommended by the international psoriasis community as an alternative treatment for the disorder.

References:

  1. Abu-Jdayil BMohameed HABsoul A. Determination of optimal dead sea salt content in a cosmetic emulsion using rheology and stability measurements. J Cosmet Sci 2008;59(1):1-14.
  2. Abu-Jdayil BMohameed HA. A facial mask comprising Dead Sea mud. J Cosmet Sci 2006;57(6):441-54.
  3.  Levi-Schaffer FShani JPoliti YRubinchik EBrenner S. Inhibition of proliferation of psoriatic and healthy fibroblasts in cell culture by selected Dead-sea salts. Pharmacology. 1996 May;52(5):321-8.
  4. Gruner SZwirner ABoonen HSönnichsen N. Effect of treatment with salt from the Dead Sea (Tomesa therapy) on epidermal Langerhans cells-A clinical study. Z Hautkr 1990;65(12):1146-1151.
  5. Hollo PGonzalez RKasa MHorvath A. Synchronous balneophototherapy is effective for the different clinical types of psoriasis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2005;19(5):578-581.
  6. Proksch ENissen HPBremgartner MUrquhart C. Bathing in magnesium-rich Dead Sea salt solution improves skin barrier function, enhances skin hydration and reduces inflammation in atopic dry skin. Int J Dermatol 2005;44(2):151-157.
  7. Matceyevsky D, Hahoshen NY, Vexler A, Asna N, Khafif A, Ben-Yosef R. Assessing the effectiveness of Dead Sea products as prophylactic agents for acute radiochemotherapy-induced skin and mucosal toxicity in patients with head and neck cancers: A phase 2 study. IMAJ 2007;9:439-442.
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